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Gray Mouse Lemur

Microcebus murinus

Research and discovery

Like humans, mouse lemurs can develop symptoms of neurological disorders similar to Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Past research on such diseases has been conducted on lab rats and mice, but mouse lemurs – being much more similar to humans genetically – show more promise for breakthroughs in neurological aging research.

Recently, non-invasive research on the DLC’s tiniest primates has led to the development of a new Alzheimer’s hypothesis (2017). If the hypothesis holds up, it could help identify people at risk sooner, before they develop symptoms, or point to new ways to delay onset or slow progression of the disease. Read more about this exciting new hypothesis HERE.

Please note that all of the research conducted at the Duke Lemur Center – including aging research on mouse lemurs – adheres to our strict no-harm, non-invasive policy. In addition, mouse lemur breeding at DLC follows Species Survival Plan guidelines for preserving genetic diversity. We house the only breeding colony of gray mouse lemurs in North America, totaling 24 males and 24 females.

Mouse lemur Bluebell enjoys a raspberry treat.

History and diversity

At one time in the fairly recent past, the genus Microcebus was thought to contain just two species with non-overlapping ranges: the gray mouse lemur (M.murinus) found in the drier regions of the north, west and south and the rufous or brown mouse lemur (M.rufus) of the humid rainforest regions of the east. However, the world of primatology was rocked in 2000 with the announcement that no less than three new species of mouse lemurs had been discovered by an international team of primatologists working in the endangered forests of western Madagascar! Additional research has brought the total number of mouse lemur species to eighteen. Needless to say, in this day and age it is extremely rare that any new species of primate is discovered, and this new diversity of mouse lemur species is remarkable!


Like the fat-tailed dwarf lemur, the gray mouse lemur usually undergoes a season of torpor during Madagascar’s dry season (April/May to September/October). At this time, female mouse lemurs become totally inactive and may remain dormant within their tree holes for several months (up to 176 days). This conserves energy and reduces the threat of predation during the time of year when resources are scare. During this time, however, males might be much more active than females, perhaps establishing hierarchies for the upcoming breeding season. Prior to the dry season both sexes store large reserves of fat in their hind legs and tail (up to 35% of body weight) which helps get the animals through the period of resource scarcity.


Key facts

Adult Size : 1 ½ – 3 ounces
Social life : Solitary forager, strictly nocturnal, sleeps in groups
Habitat : western dry deciduous forest
Diet : insects (mostly beetles), fruit, flowers and leaves
Lifespan : 10 – 15 years in captivity
Sexual maturity : 1 year in captivity
Mating : Extremely seasonal, Gestation: 59 – 62 days Number of young: usually twins, one pair per year
DLC Naming theme : Various herbs and birds (Wintergreen, Sandalwood, Buckthorn, etc.)
Malagasy names : Tsidy, Koitsiky, Titilivaha, Vakiandri, Pondiky

Interesting facts

In Madagascar, gray mouse lemurs are sometimes sighted in gardens and roadside brush.

Until recently, gray mouse lemurs were thought to be the smallest living primate. This was disproven when the pygmy mouse lemur (Microcebus myoxinus), thought to be extinct, was re-discovered.

The gray mouse lemur is one of the most widespread, abundant, and adaptable lemur species.

Some gray mouse lemurs actually have a reddish pelage color!


The gray mouse lemur is a solitary forager. It feeds primarily on insects (mostly beetles), fruit, flowers and leaves.



In the wild, mating occurs in mid-September, and infants are born 59 – 62 days later in November. The infants, usually twins, are born in a leaf nest or tree hole, and are carried in their mother’s mouth if moving them becomes necessary. Infants are independent at two months.

Social Behavior

Gray mouse lemurs are nocturnal, solitary foragers who congregate at daytime sleeping sites. Females and dependent offspring will sleep in groups of up to 15. Home ranges of females are grouped into core areas and one male’s home range can overlap those of several females. Females are considered to be dominant over males, giving them preferential access to food and the choice of with whom to mate. (Female dominance in primates is unique to prosimians.)

Habitat and conservation concerns

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Gray mouse lemurs are found throughout the dry deciduous forests from Majunga in the northwest to Tulear in the southwest. A disjunct population has also been identified in the southeast near Fort Dauphin.

The gray mouse lemur is one of the most widespread, abundant and adaptable lemur species. It is also among the least threatened. It is able to survive in slightly altered habitats and is therefore less threatened by occasional logging than most lemur species. It is also found in all of the protected areas within its range. Some of the newly described mouse lemur species have a much smaller distribution and are endangered due to habitat loss (i.e. the golden-brown mouse lemur, Microcebus ravelobensis and the Sambirano mouse lemur, M. sambiranensis.

Adopt a mouse lemur!

Want to learn more about mouse lemurs AND help support their care and conservation not only here but also in Madagascar? Consider symbolically adopting Thistle the mouse lemur through the DLC’s Adopt a Lemur Program! Your adoption goes toward the $8,400 per year cost it takes to care for each aye-aye at the DLC, as well as aiding our conservation efforts in Madagascar. You’ll also receive quarterly updates and photos, making this a fun, educational gift that keeps giving all year long!